SAINT IVES SCHOOL

Dates: 1950-1970

Origin: Great Britain

Key Artists: Barbara Hepworth, Peter Lanyon

A loosely structured group of British artists who were drawn to the Cornish fishing port of St Ives between the 1940s and 1960s. The area had been favoured by artists since the 1880s. Its more widespread popularity dated from 1939, however, when Ben Nicholson and Barbara Hepworth settled there, anxious to bring up their children far away from London and its attendant dangers with the outbreak of war. They were joined by the critic Adrian Stokes and the artist Naum Gabo. After the end of the Second World War in 1945 a number of abstract artists, including Terry Frost and Patrick Heron, also settled there. They were greatly attracted by the qualities of light and atmosphere and the distinctive landscape of the St Ives area. A branch of the London Tate Gallery was opened in St Ives in 1993 and holds changing exhibitions of the work of 20th-century artists associated with the town.

“St Ives School.” The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms. Oxford Art Online. 12 Mar. 2010 <http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/opr/t4/e1481&gt;

Peter Lanyon

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