Dates: 1910-1940

Origin: France

Key Artists: Amadeo Modigliani, Marc Chagall

A term that was originally applied to a number of artists of non-French origin, predominantly Jewish in background, who in the years immediately after the First World War lived in Paris and painted in figurative styles that might loosely be called poetic Expressionism, forming the most distinctive strand in French painting between Cubism and Surrealism. Chagall (a Russian), Tsugouharu Foujita (a Japanese), Moïse Kisling (a Pole), Modigliani (an Italian), Jules Pascin (a Bulgarian), and Soutine (a Lithuanian) are among the most famous artists embraced by the term. However, the meaning of the term was soon broadened (particularly outside France) to include all foreign artists who had settled in Paris since the beginning of the century (the Dutchman van Dongen and the Spaniard Picasso, for example), and then it expanded still further to cover virtually all progressive art in the 20th century that had its focus in Paris. In the broadest sense, the term reflects the intense concentration of artistic activity, supported by critics and dealers, that made the city the world centre of innovative art up to the Second World War.

Chilvers, Ian. “École de Paris.” The Oxford Companion to Western Art. Ed. Hugh Brigstocke. Oxford Art Online. 12 Mar. 2010 <;

Marc Chagall

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