Dates: 1888-1900

Origin: France

Key Artists: Pierre Bonnard, Édouard Vuillard

[From the Hebrew, ‘prophets’] the name suggested by the poet Henri Cazalis and adopted by a group of French artists working in the 1890s who were very much inspired by the Symbolist art of Paul Gauguin and his expressive use of flat areas of colour and rhythmic pattern. Exhibitions were held 1892–9, after which the group gradually drifted apart. The driving force had been Paul Sérusier and the main theorist was Maurice Denis; other members included Bonnard, Maillol, Vallotton, Vuillard, and the Dutchman Jan Verkade. They worked in a wide range of media embracing painting, book illustration, posters, stained glass, and theatre décor. Strongly held religious beliefs continued to inform the art of a number of members of the group, notably Sérusier, Denis, and Verkade, long after the Nabis had disbanded.

“Nabis, les.” The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms. Oxford Art Online. 11 Mar. 2010 <http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/opr/t4/e1135&gt;

Édouard Vuillard

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