Dates: 1908-1918

Origin: United States

Key Artists: Robert Henri

A term later applied in the 1930s to a disparate American school of realistic painting formed in the first decade of the 20th century and known as The Eight. Its members concentrated on scenes of everyday life derived from sketches made rapidly on the spot. Four of them, of whom the most famous was John Sloan, had been artist-reporters on the Philadelphia Press and had joined Robert Henri, generally credited as the founder of the Ashcan School, at his Philadelphia studio.

“Ashcan School.” The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms. Oxford Art Online. 12 Mar. 2010 <;

Robert Henri

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