ACADEMIC ART

Dates: 1800-Present

Origin: Europe

Key Artists: William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Art made according to the teachings of an art academy. In the nineteenth century the art academies of Europe became extremely conservative, resisting change and innovation. They came to be opposed to the avant-garde and to modern art generally.

“Academic Art.” Tate.org.uk.Tate.org.uk, 12 March 2010. <http://www.tate.org.uk/collections/glossary/definition.jsp?entryId=387&gt;

Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies or universities. Specifically, academic art is the art and artists influenced by the standards of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts, which practiced under the movements of Neoclassicism and Romanticism. The term academic has thus come to mean conservative forms of art that ignore the innovations of modernism. The art influenced by academies and universities in general is also called “academic art.” In this context as new styles are embraced by academics, the new styles come to be considered academic, thus what was at one time a rebellion against academic art becomes academic art.

Wikipedia contributors. “Academic art.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 8 Feb. 2010. Web. 12 Mar. 2010.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_art&gt;

William Adolphe Bouguereau

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